GriffinMetals is proud to present the new Waste Animation Short 

WHAT WEEE ARE

 - Honey WEEEs - 

  h 21:30 Saturday, February 10th 2018 @ Sala Il Movie via Cagliari, 42 - Torino 

 

 

Remove the bee from the earth and at the same stroke you remove at least one hundred thousand plants that will not survive.” (Maeterlinck M., 1901)

Short Synopsis

Furthering the research into the relationship between humans, nature and technology. Similarly to humans, bees create highly efficient and organized colonies. Apparently due to human agricultural and technological development a mysterious phenomenon has been rising over the last Century. Colony Collapse Disorder is threatening the delicate equilibriums that allow the cooperative relationship between humans and pollinating insects. No bees = No pollination = No food

Synopsis

A beehive is composed by an average of 40 to 50,000 individuals. This society has no central authority and nobody's in charge. By distributing labour throughout specialized sectors, bee colonies have the extraordinary ability to act as a single Super Organism. Unfortunately, mainly due to changes in our food production system, honey bee colonies have been in decline since World War II (Spivak, 2013). As a result, over the last few decades, the global stock of domesticated honey bees is growing slower than agricultural demand for pollination (Aizen and Harder, 2009). Honeybees are disappearing at impressive rates all over the world. Farmers, bees and beekepers have witnessed this rising concern in USA (Hagopian, 2017), India (Krishnan), France (Cailloce, 2016) and China (Goulson, 2012). In the absence of a known cause, this phenomenon has been named: Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). CCD is thought to be caused by not one, but a combination of different factors (VanEngelsdorp et al., 2009): pesticides, pathogens and immunodeficiency, viruses, parasites, fungi, climate change, selective breeding, commercialization, malnutrition, GMOs, pollution and perhaps... Electromagnetic fields and cell phone communication (El Halabi et al, 2013)…

In recent years, scientists at Harvard University have begun developing pollinating robots, which will eventually help support the tireless work of pollinating insects (Spector, 2012). Other researchers, instead, are attempting to cross breed docile domesticated colonies with more resistant, yet more aggressive races from Africa (Richardson, 2013)... or perhaps... will all the resources used and the pollution and waste produced by technological development definitively destroy all pollinators before we find a viable alternative?

 Elle porte en elle le mécanisme de l’univers: chaque abeille résume le secret du monde” (Onfray M., 2012)

 

Literature

Aizen and Harder (2009) The Global Stock of Domesticated Honey Bees Is Growing Slower Than Agricultural Demand for Pollination. Current Biology. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.03.071

Cailloce Laure (2016) Pourquoi les abeilles disparaissent. CNRS Le Journal

D.J.P. (2015) The decline of bees. The Economist Explains

El Halabi N.; Achkar R.; Abou Haidar G. (2013) - The effect of cell phone radiations on the life cycle of honeybees. EUROCON 2013 IEEE

Goulson Dave (2012) Decline of bees forces China's apple farmers to pollinate by hand. www.chinadialogue.net

Hagopian Joachim (2017) Death and Extinction of the Bees. Global Research, January 04

Krishnan Pramila (2016) India bee populations are collapsing under environmental strain. www.climatechangenews.com

Maeterlinck Maurice (1901) The Life of the Bee.

Onfray Michel (2012) La sagesse des abeilles. Première Leçon de Démocrite.

Spector Dina (2012) Tiny Flying Robots Are Being Built To Pollinate Crops Instead Of Real Bees. Business Insider

Spivak Marla (2013) TED Talks. Distinguished McKnight University Professor Apiculture / Social Insects. University of Minnesota

Richardson Nigel (2013) How to save our bees: cross-breed them with African 'killer bees.' The Telegraph.

VanEngelsdorp D.; Evans J.D.; Sagerman C.; Mullin C.; Haubruge E.; Nguyenm Bach Kim; Fraizer, Maryam; Fraizer J.; Cox-Foster D.; Chen Y.; Underwood R.; Tarpy D.R.; Pettis J.S. (2009) Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study. Information Systems Division, National Agricultural Library, found on FAO AGRIS 2017